IJBMC Volume 3, Issue 1, 2023
Environmental Governance in Malaysia: Stakeholder Involvement of Government, Industry and Public
Siti Hajar Binti Mokhter, Azahan Awang, Muhammad Asyraf Bin Mohd Azmi
This article explores into Malaysia’s environmental governance landscape, examining the intricate relationships between the government, industry, and the public in the pursuit of environmental sustainability. Qualitative analysis of legal documents and insights from an experienced Department of Environment (DOE) official reveal the pivotal role of the Malaysian government in shaping and enforcing environmental policies through a qualitative analysis of legal documents and insights from an experienced Department of Environment (DOE) official. The DOE, which reports to the Ministry of Natural Resources, Environment, and Climate Change, is in charge of these efforts, with authority over the Environmental Quality Act of 1974 and the ability to delegate responsibilities. The importance of collaborative decision-making in environmental governance is highlighted by collaboration within the Environmental Quality Council (EQC). Malaysian industries are subject to stringent regulations outlined in Environmental Quality Act of 1974, which cover a wide range of industries including manufacturing, agriculture, and automotive, as well as licensing, pollution control, and environmental impact assessments. Citizens, professionals, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) all play important roles in environmental protection. Finally, Malaysia’s environmental governance is dependent on dynamic collaboration among the government, industry, and society, demonstrating a steadfast commitment to safeguarding the nation’s natural environment and progressing toward a more environmentally conscious and sustainable future.
Keywords : environmental governance, good governance, environmental stakeholder, policy documents, environmental safety
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Retention of Knowledge Workers in Malaysia: The Role of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
As a developing country, to sustain the economic competitiveness in this Industrial Revolution (4.0), which is highly technology-driven, Malaysia is transforming to digitization which lead to high demand of knowledge workers to work in the ICT field, where the role of knowledge workers is essential, as they are considered as highly analytical and intellectual workers from the aspect of ICT and multimedia. ‘Retention of employees’ has been one of the most important issues of management since the 19th century. Research and studies have been conducted to identify the factors influencing employee turnover and some suggestions have been proposed by previous researchers for retaining the employees in the respective organizations. ‘Motivation’ has become one of the most effective factors proposed by researchers for retention of employees. However, the key question is, what about the retention of ‘knowledge workers’ in the context of Malaysia, especially in the field of ICT? Although motivation is playing an essential role in the retention of employees generally, when it comes to ‘knowledge workers’, intrinsic vs, extrinsic, it is essential to identify which motivation has high impact on driving the behavior of knowledge workers, who are known for their high intellectual and analytical skills. Therefore, the focus of this study would be on analyzing the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation factors, identifying the relationship between the stated motivation factors with the retention of knowledge workers, to determine which has the highest impact on the retention of knowledge workers in Malaysia. Self Determination Theory (SDT) and Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs have been selected as the underpinning theories for analyzation of intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivation.
Keywords: Knowledge workers, Employee retention, Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, Self Determination Theory (SDT), Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
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C S Lim & U N Saraiah. (2021). The Relationship Between Career Satisfaction and Turnover Intention Among Malaysian ICT Employees. AIP Conference Proceedings 2347, 020253 (2021)
C. S. Lim and U. N. Saraih. (2020). The Relationship Between Organizational Justice, Perceived OrganizationalSupport and Turnover Intention among the Malaysian ICT Employees: Career Satisfaction as Moderator. International Conference on Business Management & Accounting, Engineering and Humanities (ICIBMAH),2019), pp. 66
Nosheen Khan, Hafiz Waqas & Rizwan Muneer. (2017). Impact of Rewards (Intrinsic and extrinsic) on Employee Performance: With Special Reference to Courier Companies of City Faisalabad, Pakistan. International Journal of Management Excellence Volume 8 No.2
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Malaysia’s Labor Market in 2022:
Department of Statistics Malaysia:
Neuro-Linguistic Programming as a Tools to Enhance Self-Esteem among Juvenile Offenders in Juvenile Rehabilitation
Nur Sharina Binti Cik Ibrahim, Syaripah Ruzaini Bt Syed Aris
Self-esteem among juvenile offenders should bring attention for the government and society. Studies proved that juvenile offenders have unhealthy self-esteem, and the mentioned factor correlates with criminal behavior. But there is limited research that focuses their research for treatment intervention to this issue. Addressing the limitation, the researcher carried out a study using Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) as an intervention to enhance self-esteem among juvenile offender in juvenile rehabilitation. Self-esteem in this study focuses on the three parts which are self-efficacy, self-mastery, and self-liking and competence. Pre and post-test with a qualitative approach by using interviews, observation, and documents to two juvenile offenders have been conducted. The data has been transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis. This study shows that the intervention of NLP techniques enhanced self-esteem for both juvenile offenders effectively.
Keywords: Neuro-Linguistic Programming, Self-Esteem, Self- Efficacy, Self- Mastery, Self-Liking and Competence, Juveniles Offender
Nur Sharina, C. I., & Syaripah Ruzaini, S. A. (2023). Neuro-Linguistic Programming as a Tools to Enhance Self-Esteem among Juvenile Offenders in Juvenile Rehabilitation. International Journal of Business, Marketing, and Communication, 3(1), 29.
(Nur Sharina & Syaripah Ruzaini, 2023)
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